The Pomeranian origin story is as unique as the breed is colorful. Todays Pomeranian breed hardly resembles the working dogs of a few hundred years ago. Ancestors of modern Poms were herding dogs, often weighing close to 50 pounds. The Pomeranians true origin is rooted in the German Spitz breed and category. Though the German Spitz is a specific breed, it is also considered a category of dogs, which include breeds such as the Keeshond and Samoyed.
So, how did the Pomeranian go from 50 pound herding dog to 5 pound lap dog? Simply put. Breeding. Over the course of only a few hundred years, the size has been bred out of the Pomeranian breed. It’s not well documented why Poms were reduce to 10 times their original size, but the breeds label as a “ladies dog” may have played some role.
How big do Pomeranians get?
As noted above, Pomeranian size has changed dramatically over the course of history. Possibly more than any other breed. Now a typical toy breed, the Pomeranians weight should be between 4-7 pounds and stand less than 12 inches at the shoulder. The Pomeranians size is one factor that makes the breed so endearing. Although considered a toy breed, Poms are fragile, whether their demeanor reflects this or not. All toy breeds need to be safeguarded against drops and accidentally being stepped on. Make sure children are sitting when they hold Pomeranians, and it’s best to keep Poms penned in a small area when a careful eye cannot be kept on them.
Pomeranians began their life as a herding dog, with herding instincts. Pomeranian Temperament, like size, has also evolved over the course of their transformation. Still a breed with spunk and confidence, one of the negative ancestral Pomeranian characteristics of being “nippy” has all but left the breed. The Pomeranian breed has mostly lost the drive to herd, but not the desire for animal and human companionship. What remains is a friendly, loving, and social companion.
The Pomeranian personality is no longer defined by their work. Poms are now driven by companionship and attention. They want to be involved, sometimes to a fault. It’s not uncommon to find Pomeranians underfoot, trying to meet the neighbors dog through a hole in the fence, or harassing/encouraging the cat to play their game. The Pomeranian breed bonds with its family members so well that wariness of strangers, and excessive barking at strangers is not uncommon.
Do Pomeranians shed?
Pomeranians coats, when properly cared for, are magnificent to behold. The fluffy double-coat comes in a vast array of colors, from white and black, to red and fawn. The dense undercoat should give way to a long, textured outer coat. As with all double-coat breeds, the Pomeranian will blow its coat twice a year. When it comes to Pomeranian shedding, the blowing of the coat is the crux of Pomeranian grooming.
Consistent and regular grooming is a must to keep the Poms coat matte free and attractive. Grooming requirements may be considered a downside of the Pomeranian characteristics, as the breed is a heavy shedder and, despite rumors, not hypoallergenic. Pomeranian grooming entails more than daily brushing, although this is highly encouraged from an early age. The breed also needs regular bathing, dental care, and ear cleaning to ensure lifelong health.
As with every dog breed, a happy Pomeranian and owner relationship starts with training. Pomeranian training is no different than most dogs. Left untrained, Pomeranians will be demanding, yappy, and generally unpleasant. Training should begin as early as possibly in a Pomeranian puppies life. If children are involved, adult supervision is a must. The diminutive Pomeranian size leaves the dog open to injury from strong corrections. So, regardless of who is training, be gentle but firm.
Another consideration when training a Pomeranian is whether to housebreak or pad train. Either is acceptable and easy to do with patience. Consistency is key when housebreaking or pad training. We recommend housebreaking all breeds, because confusion happens and a puppy pad may be mistaken for a bath mat. No one wants to step out of the shower into that mess.
Pomeranian facts are fascinating. The story of a medium breed evolving to a lapdog over the course of a few centuries has not been seen in any other breed of note. The fun-loving Pomeranian is a great addition to any home and can be a lifelong, loving companion for all members of the family. At National City Puppy, we select our Pomeranians from the best rescue partners in the country. Every puppy is happy and healthy when they come to our store. We are so confident in our rescue partners that we offer a lifetime 10 year guarantee on all of our puppies. Contact us today to learn more about our available Pomeranians.